Compare our organic ingredients vs. the potentially harmful chemicals in the leading products
Concerns: Possible Allergen
About: PETROLEUM PRODUCT. Compound used in sunscreens
Function: UV Absorber/Filter
Concerns: Enhanced skin absorption, Ecotoxicology, Endocrine disruption, Contamination concerns, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Fact: In human breast
cells, which grow and multiply in response to estrogen, homosalate exposure led to 3.5 times more cell growth and multiplication.
About: PETROLEUM BY PRODUCT. Sunscreen ingredient
Concerns: Enhanced skin absorption, Biochemical or cellular level changes, Developmental/reproductive toxicity, Endocrine disruption, Allergies/immunotoxicity, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive), Persistence and bioaccumulation
Fact: Numerous studies have reported that octinoxate exhibits
, which is linked to harmful effects on reproductive organ development in male and female fetuses exposed in utero.
About: PETROLEUM BY PRODUCT. Used to augment the UV-B protection in a sunscreen
Function: Sunscreen Agent
Concerns: Enhanced skin absorption
Fact: linked to contact
About: PETROLEUM BY PRODUCT. Oxybenzone is a sunscreen ingredient associated with photoallergic reactions
Fact: As a
, it’s demonstrated an increase in the production of harmful free radicals and an ability to attack DNA cells; for this reason, it is believed to be a contributing factor in the recent rise of melanoma cases with sunscreen users.
Fact: Products listed on your cosmetics labels are listed in descending order, if the first ingredient is water, it is probably making up between 30%-100% of your product. How do you feel about paying lots of money to be applying water to your face?
About: PETROLEUM PRODUCT. It is POLYPROPYLENE GLYCOL
Fact: Industrial grade PG is used as an
active ingredient in engine coolants and antifreeze
; airplane de-icers; polyurethane cushions; paints, enamels and varnishes; and in many products as a solvent or surfactant
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A silicon-based polymer
Function: Skin Conditioning
Fact: Only considered safe when used in cosmetic products at concentrations up to
About: An extract of the beans of the soybean
Fact: It has also been found to
deliver amino acids
, proteins, vitamins, and minerals into the body.
About: PETROLEUM PRODUCT. A colorless alcohol derived from petroleum
Concerns: Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Fact: It is used in the manufacture of
, structural material for boats, custom moldings, and sheets and boards for construction.
About: End product of controlled hydrogenation of Palm Oil Glyceride
Function: Skin Conditioning Agent
Fact: Hydrogenated oil is only one molecule away from being
About: The most common constituent of sand
Function: Anticaking Agent
Concerns: Persistence and bioaccumulation
Fact: The inhalation of this silica dust can cause
, a debilitating and sometimes
fatal lung disease
, as well as other health problems.
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A synthetic emulsifier
Concerns: Ecotoxic, Contamination, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Fact: Should not be used on broken or irritated skin, studies showed that patients suffering from severe burns were treated with PEG-based antimicrobial cream; this treatment resulted in
About: PETROCHEMICAL. Glyceryl stearate is composed of naturally occurring lipid ingredients glycerol and stearic acid
Fact: Suspected to be an
About: A fatty alcohol that's either a petrochemical (chemical derived from petroleum) or an oleochemical (chemical derived from plant and animal fats).
Function: Emulsion Stabilizer
Fact: Has the ability to altercate the protective barrier of the skin and cause
About: Alcohol compound, can be of animal or vegetable origin
Concerns: Restrictions in concentration on cosmetics
Fact: If derived from animals, frequently obtained from a
known as tallow or animal fat.
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A synthetic polymer
Fact: Can be absorbed through the skin in potentially harmful amounts and can cause an
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A preservative that can be plant derived or chemically synthesized
Fact: Shown to
increase the antimicrobial activity
of other preservatives
About: PETROLEUM PRODUCT.
Concerns: Ecotoxic, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)
Fact: Suspected of being an
by Environment Canada
About: The primary component of the essential oil extracted from chamomile.
Fact: Bisabolol increases the
of other cosmetic ingredients, which is fantastic in formulas that contain antioxidants and other beneficial ingredients – but bad if it’s in a formula that also contains risky chemicals.
About: PETROCHEMICAL. Silicon-based ingredient
Fact: If able to enter the body and degrade into silica, a known carcinogen, it can damage the immune system, kill cells, and produce
. It can also be a penetration enhancer, delivering other toxic ingredients into the skin.
About: Petrochemical - 95% of chemicals used in fragrance are from
Concerns: Immune system toxicant or allergen
Fact: Fragrance is an undisclosed mixture of up to
3,100 stock chemical
About: An alpha hydroxy acid, naturally occurring in citrus fruits
Function: pH Adjuster
Concerns: Risk assessment method deficiencies and data gaps
Fact: Use is
in Canada for cosmetics
About: A naturally occurring mineral derived from refined and purified clay
Function: Viscosity Controlling
Concerns: Organ System Toxicity, non-reproductive
Fact: Magnesium Aluminum Silicate contains aluminum compounds, which are known
About: Formed by the condensation of cetearyl alcohol (fatty acid) with glucose. Can be naturally derived (from coconut/corn oil) or chemically synthesized.
Concerns: Subject to concentration or use limitations
, tends to produce or aggravate acne
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A sugar alcohol that is treated with ethylene oxide
Fact: The problem with any ingredient that is treated with ethylene oxide is that it can then become contaminated with 1,4-dioxane, a known
that penetrates readily into the skin.
About: Can be made synthetically or found naturally in
About: A detergent cleansing agent that can be made synthetically via the cracking
m or naturally from coconuts
Concerns: Contamination concerns, Organ toxicity (non-reproductive)
Fact: The CIR Expert Panel evaluated the scientific data and concluded that Sodium Alpha-Olefin Sulfonates are only safe to use up to
in leave-on products
About: An organic waste compound found in urine, typically made synthetically in cosmetics
Concerns: Carcinogen, Enhanced skin absorption
Fact: Ureas can release
, which has been classified as a human carcinogen.
About: A derivative of naturally occurring amino acid proline
finds concerns regarding the
, a known toxin.
About: PETROLEUM DERIVED. An ether of Cetyl Alcohol and Hydroxyethylcellulose
Concerns: Use Restictions
Fact: The Cosmetic Ingredient Reviews
allowance of 0.008% to 0.3%.
About: PETROLEUM DERIVED. A sorbitol-based emulsifier and surfactant.
Concerns: Contamination concerns
About: A sugar-based polymer produced by bacteria
Fact: Able to produce a large increase in the
of a liquid by adding a very small quantity of xanthan gum, on the order of one percent.
About: FORMALDEHYDE. A preservative made from ylenediamine, formaldehyde—a known carcinogen according to the National Cancer Institute—and sodium cyanide (which is made from the toxic gas hydrogen cyanide).
Function: Chelating Agent
Fact: This ingredient may also contain dangerous levels of dioxane, a by-product of manufacturing that is also
Fact: Mainly used in the coating industry but also in washing and cleaning products, lubricants, metal-working fluids, road and construction applications and in agrochemicals. Hexylene Glycol is on the
About: A sugar found in plants, fungi and invertebrate animals
Fact: Because it is know for
stabilizing protein structures
, it is of interest for
health and longevity
About: PETROLEUM PRODUCT. Polyquaternium-51 is a polymeric quaternary ammonium salt
Fact: Originally developed for the
contact lens industry
to maintain moisture and counteract
About: PETROCHEMICAL. An artificial chemical compound
Concerns: Organ system toxicity
Fact: Used as a
which can reduce
, and to improve cold and
About: PETROCHEMICAL. A powerful biocide, it can control or kill harmful microorganisms, often called MIT/MI
Concerns: Neurotoxic, Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)
Fact: Lab studies on the brain cells of mammals also suggest that methylisothiazolinone may be
. The American Contact Dermatitis Society named methylisothiazolinone its
Allergen of the Year
About: The sodium salt of hyaluronic acid.
Function: Skin-Conditioning Agent
Fact: Due to its small molecular size, It is able to retain a relatively large amount of
— up to 1,000 its own weight.
About: Provide whiteness and opacity to products such as paints, plastics, papers, inks, foods, and toothpastes. It is present in almost every sunblock.
Fact: Titanium dioxide has recently been classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 2B carcinogen ''possibly
About: A naturally occurring mineral dust often used in makeup foundations, as filler in cement and asphalt, and as insulation material in electric cables.
Fact: Workers in cosmetic manufacturing factories are at high risk of
About: Pigments used to color cosmetics
Fact: Large amounts of iron oxide can cause serious
. In mining states like Pennsylvania, iron mines flooded with water spill gallons of iron oxide into ponds, rivers and lakes; this can poison fish and pollute the environment.